Criminal Record Check

So what is a criminal record check and when would you need one? A criminal record is a history of a person's criminal history. There are two common reasons for acquiring one. Firstly, a new employer may want to ensure you have no criminal convictions. Secondly, if you apply for a loan, the lender may wish to verify your credibility and trustworthiness. The process of obtaining a copy of a criminal record varies depending on the country and state where you have lived and worked. In some countries, such as Hong Kong, you will not receive a copy. Instead, the results will be sent direct to organization requiring the check—for example, your potential employer.
Worldwide Criminal Record Checks
Worldwide Criminal Record Checks

What's the difference between a criminal record check and a police check?

There is no difference between a criminal record check—sometimes called a criminal background check—and a police check.  In short, the term depends on where you come from.  Furthermore, in the USA, there are multiple names for this check.  This arises because there are multiple levels of law enforcement agencies from local, county to Federal.  The most comprehensive check in the USA is called a national police check.

Veriton Investigations criminal record check service

Sometimes, it is difficult to obtain a criminal background check direct from a country’s authorities.  Consequently, Veriton Investigations now works with reputable partner agencies worldwide to source data.  Such non-government databases are usually updated through a daily analysis of court records. 

Veriton Investigations can issue clients with short reports regarding an individual’s check status. Some of our larger clients recruit internationally. This means we have developed expertise in sourcing multiple jurisdictions.  To date, we have reported on individuals from countries as diverse as the Philippines to the Pacific island of Palau.

Typically, we supplement our criminal record check service with ID and travel document verification.

As a result of a long-standing contract with a major casino, we have researched over 50 worldwide criminal record certificate systems.   These checks are supplementary to our regular individual background check service. 

Please contact us with your requirements.

Hong Kong Criminal Background Check
No Criminal Record (NCR)

The Hong Kong Police rarely provide a criminal background check.  In Hong Kong, this is known as a Certificate of No Criminal Conviction (CNCC). There are two circumstances only whereby the Hong Kong Police will undertake such a check:

  • Application for a visa to visit, study or reside in another country
  • Adoption of children

The Police do not accept applications for the Certificate for any other purposes.  In fact, the Police do not even provide a Certificate to the applicant.  Instead, the concerned authority receives the check direct.  For example, this could be an overseas immigration office, an adoption agency or potential employer. 

Recent changes in Hong Kong’s legislation now allow the Hong Kong Police to provide a full copy of the applicants criminal record.  The legislation being used for this is Personal Data (Privacy) Ordinance (Cap. 486, Laws of Hong Kong).  Nowadays, a member of the public can enquire of the HKP as to whether it holds any criminal conviction records in respect of him/ her.  If you are found to have a criminal record, the Police hand the paper record (a copy) to the Applicant, but if you have a clear record, the Police simply tell you that you have no criminal record.  Oddly, nothing is provided in writing. 

To further complicate matters, the HKP state “All CCD [Criminal Conviction Data] access requests shall be made in person unless exempted with a valid ground by the Officer-in-charge of the CCD Office.”

Hong Kong Checks for Macau Residents

Applicants from Macau who need a Hong Kong NCR are subject to special rules.  First, the request needs to be in conjunction with an offer of employment.  Second, a representative from the company wishing to hire the applicant must attend.  Usually, this is someone from the organization’s Human Resources (HR) department.

Assuming the applicant has no criminal record, the Hong Kong Police inform the HR representative that: “There is no trace of X in our records.”  The HR representative must record this fact for the company.  No paper certificate or other evidence is provided to the applicant.

Hong Kong Sexual Conviction Check (SCRC)

The Hong Kong Police also conduct an administrative scheme known as the Sexual Conviction Record Check (SCRC). This scheme benefits employers of persons undertaking work related to children or mentally incapacitated persons (MIPs). As such, employers can check eligible applicants to see if they have been convicted of any sex-related crimes against a specified list of sexual offences.  The Police add new offences to the list as they are deemed necessary of inclusion.  

Again, the applicant receives nothing in writing.  As with the Hong Kong Police criminal background check, the result is sent to the existing or prospective employer.

Macau Certificate of Criminal Record

Macau’s criminal check is called a Certificate of Criminal Record.  It applies to three categories of applicants only. These are residents or former residents of Macau or persons applying for residency. They must be more than 16 years old.  

Applicants must state why they need the certificate.  The Macau Government issues a 28-page list of approved uses.  One is for employment.  Other approved categories include the registration of lawyers and accountants.   Incidentally, the document makes an engaging read if you are that way inclined!  One of the more interesting criteria is for anyone who wants to be a technical chief of a Chinese herbal medicine centre.

Macau-criminal-record-check-sample
Chris Wilson former Hong Kong police

Our Corporate Private Investigator Origins

Veriton Investigations was co-founded in 2014 by an ex-Hong Kong police officer and a research/ communications professional.  They recognized a need in the private investigator industry to combine high quality reporting and analysis with discreet, feet-on-the-ground investigations and surveillance.  

Veriton Investigations is a brand of the Veriton Asia Group.  We offer a comprehensive portfolio of research and investigations services from full reputational due diligence and surveillance to China company checks, executive screening and process serves. 

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